What is Alopecia?

Alopecia means Hair loss and it affects million women and men worldwide. While hair loss is different for every person, there are common causes and contributing factors including Genetics, Health, Stress, Nutrition, Hormones and Haircare. There can be more than one contributed factor that can leads to hair loss in many people at a faster rate.

Are you struggling with a receding hairline, overall thinning or patchy hair loss? This is the place just for your hair loss intervention. Learn more about hair loss so you can make an informed decision when it comes to getting your hair back.


Trichology is the para-medical scientific study of the hair, hair loss and associated scalp problem. It encompasses the study of the diseases of the human hair, scalp, as well as the assessment of the causes and cosmetic treatment of these disorders. The word “Trichology” means hair, it come from the Greek word “Trikhos”. Trichology is perceived as the Bridge between dermatology and cosmetology. 


A trichologist is a Hair, Hair Loss and Scalp specialist, trained to look for and at hair loss problems in holistic way by evaluating clients on the basis of personal history, lifestyle, genetic factors and environmental conditions. Based on consultation, a Trichologist is able to suggest individualized cosmetic services or treatment give nutritional advice and recommend lifestyle changes to improve the health and appearance of the hair and scalp. Like other Para-medical specialist, such as nutritionists or trainer, a competent Trichologist also work closely with a medical doctor to refer any medical problems suspected that maybe associated with client hair loss. We provide herbal holistic approach in treating hair, hair loss and scalp care in our center.

Hair Loss Fact:

-Approximately 1/3 to 1⁄2 of all people have notice hair loss in their lifetime.

-97% of all male is Male Pattern Baldness
-70% of all female loss is Female Pattern Baldness. The rest is due to from most common

to least hormones, thyroid, anemia, over processed hair, chemical and pollutants in the air

and foo. Some masking themselves estrogen and causing hair loss. 50% of all women by middle age have noticeable hair loss.

Recent study reported that women under age 50 feel a severe emotional blow when confronted with thinning hair and hair loss.
15% felt unattractive
28% experienced paranoia

29% admitted feeling scared.
47%said they were embarrassed

SBNH Trichological treatment service is here for all women to feel their best self-back and men to feel attractive again.


Hair Loss Conditions

Most people suffer from hereditary hair loss, also called androgenetic alopecia, but a variety

of other factors can contribute to the condition. Hair loss may be sudden, or it can become

apparent slowly, over time, as part of a gradual process. It’s also possible to have more

than one condition simultaneously, with quicker or more severe hair loss being the

cumulative effect. If you notice your hair thinning or see an abrupt increase in your hair loss,

talk to your doctor to see if it can be attributed to one of the hair loss conditions listed below

Androgenetic Alopecia

Androgenetic alopecia, or hereditary hair loss, is the most common type of hair loss and

it’s progressive. Men and women with androgenetic alopecia are born with inherited hair

follicles that are sensitive to a hormone called dihydrotestosterone (DHT). This hormone

causes hair follicles to miniaturize over time, producing thinner and finer hair.

Eventually, the follicles stop producing normal hairs, leaving only “peach fuzz”. Men with

this condition typically notice a hairline that recedes or thinning at the crown. Women with androgenetic alopecia don’t always follow a recognizable pattern, but may see a widening part, overall thinning or patchy hair loss.

Involutional Alopecia

Involutional alopecia is the gradual thinning and loss of hair that comes with age. Over

time, a greater number of hair follicles move into the resting phase and remaining hairs become shorter, finer and fewer in number. After androgenetic alopecia, aging is the second most common type of hair loss.

Alopecia Areata

Alopecia areata is an autoimmune condition where the immune system mistakenly attacks the hair follicles, causing hair loss on the scalp, face and other areas of the body. Alopecia areata can occur in multiple family members, suggesting genetics play a part in this condition. It affects both men and women and often first appears in childhood.

There are several forms of alopecia areata, including:

Alopecia areata (patchy hair loss) - This is the most

common form of alopecia areata, resulting in one or more round patches of hair loss.

Alopecia totalis - This form of alopecia areata is

characterized by the complete loss of scalp hair.

  • Alopecia universalis - This condition is the most
    advanced form of alopecia areata and results in the
    total loss of hair on the scalp and body.
  • Ophiasis - This form of alopecia areata occurs in a
    wave pattern around the edge of the scalp, typically at the back of the head.

Anagen Effluvium

Anagen effluvium is the sudden loss of hairs in the growing (anagen) phase. This

condition may be caused by exposure to chemicals or toxins such as those found in chemotherapy or radiation for cancer treatment. The condition is generally reversible and hair typically regrows within 1-3 months, but some hair loss can be permanent.

Cicatricial Alopecia

Cicatricial alopecia, also called scarring alopecia, refers to a group of rare disorders that

destroy hair follicles and replace them with scar tissue. Most forms of the condition first

appear as small patches of hair loss that may expand over time. Many African-American

women suffer from this condition. While these disorders affect a small number of the population, they can result in permanent hair loss.

Central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia (CCCA) -

CCCA primarily occurs at the crown. The hair loss is usually gradual and radiates outward in a circular pattern. It’s linked to harsh styling practices such as chemical relaxers and excessive pulling on the hair from tight braids and weaves. However, research now suggests that CCCA may also be due to a genetic predisposition. This form of scarring alopecia is most common in African-American women, though it can present in men and women of all ethnicities.

Lichen planopilaris - Lichen planopilaris is a type of scarring hair loss that occurs when a skin infection called lichen planus affects the scalp. The condition typically causes intense itching and may be

genetic link.

accompanied by burning and tenderness. The cause of

lichen planopilaris is not known, but is thought to have a


Hypotrichosis is a condition where there is no hair growth from the time of birth. Rather

than having hair and losing it over time, people with hypotrichosis never grow any hair. This condition is thought to be caused by a genetic deviation during fetal development.

Scalp Folliculitis

Scalp folliculitis is usually due to a bacterial infection and occurs when hair follicles

become inflamed due to blockage or damage. Follicles may be surrounded by a ring of inflammation and look like acne. In the early stages, hair may still be present in the follicle, but as the condition progresses, it will fall out. In severe cases, the inflammation can permanently damage hair follicles and result in hair loss.

Telogen Effluvium

Telogen effluvium occurs when hair follicles are prematurely pushed into the resting

(telogen) phase of hair growth. This condition is usually due to an acute external factor such as physical trauma, surgery, major illness or other intense stressors on the body. It typically appears as diffuse thinning across all areas of the scalp, and in many cases, is temporary and reversible.

Traction Alopecia

Traction alopecia results from damaged hair follicles due to constant tension or pulling

over a long period of time. Repeatedly wearing tight hair styles, such as ponytails, buns or braids, can cause traction alopecia. This condition typically occurs near the temples or along the hairline. African-American women often experience this type of hair loss at their edges, which is the hairline area that goes from ear to ear and frames the face.

Chignon alopecia - This is a form of localized traction

alopecia that results in hair loss at the crown of the head. Wearing hair in a tight bun over an extended

period of time can cause chignon alopecia because of

the way the style constantly pulls on the hair.

Trichorrhexis Nodosa

Trichorrhexis nodosa is characterized by weak points, or nodes, present along the hair shaft. The nodes cause hair to break easily, leading to the appearance of thinning hair or patchy hair loss. The condition can be triggered by harsh styling practices such as the overuse of chemicals and heat styling tools. In some cases, trichorrhexis nodosa may be caused by underlying medical disorders such as thyroid problems, an iron deficiency or a buildup of ammonia in the body.


Trichotillomania is an impulse control disorder that drives individuals to compulsively

pull out their own hair. Typically, trichotillomania results in patchy bald spots on the scalp, eyebrows and/or eyelashes.

For informational purposes only. The exact cause of hair loss can only be

determined by a medical professional.

The Anatomy of Hair

Hair strands are primarily made up of a protein called keratin and grow from hair follicles in the skin. At the base of each hair follicle is a living bulb. Inside the bulb, active cells divide and grow to create hair. Blood vessels provide nourishment for the bulb and deliver hormones that impact hair growth.

The average person is born with 100,000-150,000 hair follicles on their head.

Typically, they shed 50-100 hairs a day as part of the normal hair growth cycle. To understand the phases of the growth cycle and how they relate to hair loss, it helps to start with the biology and anatomy of hair.

What are the Four Stages of Hair Growth?

Hair grows at an average rate of a quarter to half an inch per month. As your hair grows, individual strands randomly cycle through four ongoing phases: growing, transitioning, resting and shedding. Understanding the natural growth cycle of your hair helps explain how disruptions in the cycle can lead to hair loss.

• Anagen (Growth Phase):

This is the active phase of hair growth. As many as 85-90% of the hairs on your head are growing at any given time, and each hair is in the growing phase for 2-7 years.

  • Catagen (Transitional Phase):
  • Telogen (Resting Phase):
  • Exogen (Shedding Phase):

Over the course of a few weeks, hair growth slows as follicles shrink. About 3% of all hairs are in the transitional phase at any one time.

In this phase, the hair follicle is completely at rest and no longer growing. Around 6%-8% of all hair is in the resting phase at any given time. The resting phase typically lasts a few months.

At the end of the resting phase, the hair will gradually detach from the follicle and fall out. This is why the average person sheds between 50-100 hairs each day.

It’s important to note that the last three phases (transitional, resting and shedding) combined take place over a period of approximately 3-4 months. That’s why it takes at least 3-4 months before you start to see results from any topical, laser, supplemental or surgical treatments for hair loss.

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Sankofa Braiding & Natural HairCare,LLC

3217 Adeline St, Berkeley, CA 94703, US

(510) 301-1839